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Personality Disorders

BORDERLINE PERSONALITY DISORDER (BPD)

Affects nearly 6% of adults, males and females are affected equally, however more women seek treatment. Usually diagnosed in adolescence or adulthood. Exact cause is unknown but believed to be a combination of biological factors, ways of thinking and social stressors. People with BPD are more likely to have abnormalities in the size of the hippocampus, the size and functioning of the amygdala, and in frontal lobe functioning, which are the areas of the brain which impact a person’s ability to regulate emotions.
While BPD is not thought to be genetic, it can sometimes run in families, this may be due to what behaviors are modelled by the family. Individuals with BPD are more likely to have suffered from abusive or neglectful childhoods.

NARCISSISTIC PERSONALITY DISORDER (NPD)

About 6% of the population is thought to have NPD.  It is more prevalent among males than females.  As with most personality disorders, traits of NPD tend to decrease with age, with many people experiencing few of the most extreme symptoms by the time they are in their 40’s – 50s. NPD is usually diagnosed in adulthood, because personality disorders describe patterns of behavior (children or teens are in constant development).
Exact cause is unknown, many clinicians believe the disorder may be caused by a combination of biological and genetic factors, social factors (how the person interacted with their environment as a child) and psychological factors (temperament, personality and learned coping skills).

BORDERLINE PERSONALITY DISORDER (BPD)

CHARACTERIZED BY:

  • difficulty with emotional regulation (to the point that the emotional reactions are not appropriate to the situation)
  • black and white thinking (strong feelings of liking someone or not liking someone-someone can be seen as either all good or all bad one day, another day, or both within a matter of minutes or hours)
  • the strong emotions can colour the way the individuals perceives things.
  • the individual is not out of touch with reality, nor delusional, but they perceive things and events differently because of the emotions (although brief psychotic episodes can occur to some people with severe BPD).
  • The person may have an unstable self-image, exhibit severe impulsive behaviors, repeated suicide attempts or threats, engage in self-mutilating behaviours, feelings of emptiness, inappropriate anger and difficulty regulating anger

BOOK RECOMMENDATION
If you have a loved one who has been diagnosed with or shows signs of Borderline Personality Disorder, Mental Health Estrie highly recommends the book “Overcoming Borderline Personality Disorder:  A Family Guide for Healing and Change,” by Valerie Porr, M.A.  Porr’s understanding of the effects of BPD on both the individual as well as family and friends is outstanding.  This book uses the principles of Dialectical Behavior Therapy and Mentalization-based Therapy to help family members develop skills that have proven to be highly effective in reducing family conflict and in increasing trust.

NARCISSISTIC PERSONALITY DISORDER (NPD)

CHARACTERIZED BY:

  • Long standing pattern of grandiosity (self-importance) either in fantasy or actual behavior (exaggerates achievements, expects to be recognized as superior)
  • An overwhelming need for admiration
  • Usually a complete lack of empathy for others
  • Has a very strong sense of entitlement (others owe him or her or should automatically comply with his/her wishes)
  • Is exploitative with others (may take advantage of others to achieve his/her own goals)

Certain clinics do accept clients that are not registered or do not have a family doctor. To find a clinic near you, click here

Mental Health Estrie offers support groups for family and friends who have a loved one coping with a mental illness.  For more information, click here.

Mental Health Estrie offers support groups for individuals coping with a lived experience of mental illness. For more information, click here.

Organizations and Resources Available

The following is a list of mental health resources in and outside of the Estrie region. Please call ahead to confirm the availability of bilingual services.

JEVI Centre de prevention du suicide – Estrie

VISIT WEBSITE

Address:
 120, 11e Avenue Nord, Sherbrooke QC, J1E 2T8
Line of Action: 
1-866-APPELLE (277-3553)
Phone (Administrative): 
819-564-7349
Fax: 819-564-4486
Email: preventionsuicide@jevi.qc.ca

JEVI is a community organization whose aim is to prevent suicide and promote well-being in the Eastern Townships population. From 1986 to 2000, JEVI offered services to individuals under the age of 25, their parents and close friends and to the professionals working with youth.
Since June 2000, JEVI has been acknowledged as the Suicide Prevention Center for the Eastern Townships region by the Régie régionale de la santé et des services sociaux de l’Estrie. Consequently, services were adapted or developed in order to adequately respond to the needs of the general population of the Eastern Townships region (youth, adults and the elderly).
JEVI offers a complete line of services in promotion, prevention, intervention and postvention actions associated with suicide prevention.

Mood Disorders Canada Online Discussion Forum

VISIT WEBSITE

MDSC provides a safe, supportive virtual place to discuss mental illness in our online Discussion Forum. With over 29,000 posts and more than 1,900 discussion threads in operation, if you need somewhere to look for support and guidance this is a great first step! We encourage you to Visit our Forum.

CHUS (Centre hospitalier universitaire de Sherbrooke)

VISIT WEBSITE

Address: 3001 12e Ave N, Sherbrooke, QC, J1H 5N4

Phone: 819-346-1110

Addictions/dependencies & mental disorders; help for consumers and family members; bilingual services.

Provincial suicide crisis line

Phone: 1-866-APPELLE (277-3553)

Quebec National Crisis Line

Open 24/7

HeretoHelp: Mental health and substance use information

VISIT WEBSITE

HeretoHelp is a project of the BC Partners for Mental Health and Addictions Information.

We are a group of seven leading mental health and addictions non-profit agencies. Since 2003, weve been working together to help people live well and better prevent and manage mental health and substance use problems. You can learn more about our vision here.

BC Partners work is funded by BC Mental Health and Substance Use Services, an agency of the Provincial Health Services Authority. We also receive some additional support from the Ministry of Children and Family Development. Thanks also to our corporate sponsors for helping to fund our translated resources.

L’Autre Rive

VISIT WEBSITE

Address: 925 rue Du Conseil, Sherbrooke QC, J1G 1L6
Phone: 819-564-0676
Email: lautrive@abacom.com  

We focus on helping individuals suffering from phobias, or intense fears (panic disorder) that interfere with their normal functioning. We inform individuals struggling with this problem that they are not alone in living with this phobia or intense fear. We provide these individuals with tools to help them overcome their fear and improve their daily functioning.

 

Association PANDA de l’Estrie

VISIT WEBSITE

Address: 890, Raoul-Bruneau, local 2, Shebrooke (Quebec), J1H 2X9
Phone: 819 565-7131
Email: info@pandaestrie.org 

Attention deficit disorder with or without hyperactivity is a complexe disorder involving several symptoms that we can associate to an excessive level of functioning. Lassociation PANDA de lEstrie provides support for adolescents, adults and parents of a child with ADD/ADHD or in the process of waiting for a diagnosis. Provides help for professionals in the mental health and school environment that have to intervene with individuals suffering from ADD/ADHD. Also, providse support for professionals in the field who have a desire to better support individuals with ADD/ADHD. 

Our recommended websites

SHERBROOKE DATABASE OF COMMUNITY ORGANIZATIONS : http://www.ville.sherbrooke.qc.ca/fileadmin/fichiers/InfoSherbrookois/hiver2012/4-VieCommunautaireANG.pdf

THE CANADIAN MENTAL HEALTH ASSOCIATION : http://www.cmha.ca/

BPD CENTRAL : https://www.bpdcentral.com/